Author Guidelines

General Guidelines

  • All submissions must go through our article tracking system. Science Target's editorial office won't accept articles received by email. For more help on registering in and submitting to our article tracking system, check our help page.
  • All submissions to Science Target must be original, unpublished previously, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
  • Authors must ensure that contents of any submission are not held by the copyright of any other publication.
  • It is assumed that the submission is approved by all authors and the concerned authorities where the work was carried out.
  • It is the author’s responsibility that any submission does not contain libelous or unlawful statements or in any way infringe the rights of others.
  • Copyrights for articles published in Science Target are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to Science Target as the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.


Submitted Files

Authors should submit all files online as a single-spaced WORD documents. The submitted WORD files include:

  • The main manuscript: Main body of the manuscript without the author’s details to ensure an anonymous review (Submission File).
  • Author details: full name of each author with an identification of the corresponding author, affiliation of each author at time research was completed, e-mail address of each author, and brief professional biography of each author (Supplementary File 1).
  • Cover letter: publishing request with article title and target journal, and names, affiliations and contact details of Author(s). The authors may also suggest two to four reviewers for the manuscript (the journal may designate other reviewers). (Supplementary File 2).
  • Any additional Supplementary Files are welcomed.


Article Format

Main Sections

The main manuscript should contain the following sections:

  • Title
  • Abstract (100 - 200 words)
  • Keywords (3-7 words that encapsulate the key topics)
  • Main body that is not restricted to specific format but rather hinges on the manuscript type and methodology (e.g., original research article, review article, surveys, case studies, technical and management reports, viewpoints, book reviews, notes, commentaries). However, the main body may address the following sections:
    • Introduction
    • Background or Literature Review
    • Materials and Methods or Research Methodology
    • Results
    • Discussion
    • Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments (if any)
  • References
Tables and Figures

All Tables and Figures should be cited in the text in a consecutive order. Tables and Figures should be included at the end of the manuscript on separate pages, with their position in the main body of the text being indicated. Each Figure and Table must have a descriptive brief title and an Arabic number (e.g., Figure 1). Where Figures are supplied in a format that cannot be edited within a Word document, authors will be asked to provide the source files of the figures in a separate electronic file that contain vector art formats (Illustrator, EPS, WMF, FreeHand, CorelDraw, PowerPoint, Excel, etc.) or bitmap formats (Photoshop, TIFF, GIF, JPEG, etc.).


Citing other publications in the text must follow Harvard style using author and date.

  • Citing ONE author: (Thomas, 2012) or Thomas (2012)…
  • Citing ONE author with multiple works: (Hendry, 2008; 2011)
  • Citing ONE author with multiple works in the same year: (Hendry, 2008a; 2008b)
  • Citing TWO authors: (Thomas and Bradley, 2012) or Thomas and Bradley (2012)
  • Citing MORE than two authors: (Thomas et al., 2012) or Thomas et al. (2012) …
  • Citing LIST of references should be alphabetically and then chronologically: (Kristopher and Deleon, 2008; Lim and Peter, 2010; Lim, 2011, Ricardo, 1998; Santos, 2000)
  • Quoting SPECIFIC TEXT: (Kim, 2011, p. 145) or Kim (2011, p. 145) …

References to other publications must be complete and accurate, and presented in Harvard style.


Batt, P. and Liu, A. (2012), "Consumer behavior towards honey products in Western Australia", British Food Journal, Vol. 114 No. 2, pp. 285 – 297


Cowan, Marjorie (2012), Microbiology Fundamentals: A Clinical Approach, McGraw-Hill, New York

Edited Book

Hollin, C. (Ed.) (2001), Handbook of Offender Assessment and Treatment, Wiley, Chichester, pp. 3-15

Chapter in an Edited Book

Cooke, D. and Philip, L. (2001), “To treat or not to treat? an empirical perspective”, in Hollin, C. (Ed.) Handbook of Offender Assessment and Treatment, Wiley, Chichester, pp. 3-15

Conference Paper (published)

Bourassa, S. (1999), “Effects of child care on young children”, Proceedings of the third annual meeting of the International Society for Child Psychology, International Society for Child Psychology, Atlanta, Georgia, pp. 44-6.

Conference Paper (unpublished)

Bowden, F. and Fairley, C. (1996), “Endemic STDs in the Northern Territory: estimations of effective rates of partner change”, paper presented to the scientific meeting of the Royal Australian College of Physicians, Darwin, 24-25 June.

Report (authored)

Halliday, J. (1995), Assessment of the Accuracy of the DTI’s Database of the UK Wind Speeds, Energy Technology Support Unit, ETSU-W-11/00401/ REP.

Report (non-authored)

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2010), Child Protection Australia 2008-09, Child welfare series no. 47. Cat. no. CWS 35, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra


Exelby, H. (1997), “Aspects of gold and mineral liberation”, Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Queensland, Brisbane

Newspaper article (authored)

Smith, A. (2008), "Money for old rope", Daily News, 21 January, pp. 1, 3-4

Newspaper article (non-authored)

Daily News (2008), "Small change", 2 February, p. 7

Online Source

Lane, C. et al. (2003), “The future of professionalized work: UK and Germany compared”, Available at: (Accessed: 10 May 2007).

Footnotes and Endnotes

Footnotes or Endnotes should be avoided and may be used if absolutely necessary. They should be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript. They should not be used in book reviews.


A list of abbreviations should be used only when the full term is very long and used often. The abbreviation should be spelled out the first time it is used in the text. Authors should also use the International System of Units (SI) where required.



Submission Process


Review Process

  • Successfully submitted manuscript is rapidly assigned to an Editor from the Journal Editorial Board based on the topic of the manuscript.
  • The Editor in charge of the manuscript decides upon the relevance of the manuscript to go through the normal review process as it is appropriate to the Journal Aims and Scope.
  • Successfully screened manuscripts are sent to 2-3 qualified experts for a full blind, high-quality and fair refereeing process.
  • The reviewers are encouraged to provide informative comments on the manuscript to the Editor within 2-3 weeks of the initial submission.
  • Based on reviewers’ comments, the Editor recommends whether a manuscript will be published without changes, accepted subject to changes (minor/major) or rejected.
  • The Editor’s decision on the manuscript is rapidly communicated to the authors.
  • Accepted manuscripts that are subject to minor or major changes are expected to be accordingly revised and resubmitted by the authors in a timely manner.
  • Science Target shall furnish authors of fully accepted papers with proofs for the correction of printing errors.
  • Authors are encouraged to return the proofs within 3 calendar days of submittal to expedite manuscript publication in the approaching Journal Issue.
  • Once the final version of the manuscript has been accepted for publication by the Editor, a formal acceptance letter will be issued and sent to the author(s).
  • Authors are requested not to propose further changes to the final accepted version of the manuscript.
  • Once the manuscript is published, Science Target shall not be held responsible for errors which are the result of authors' oversights.


Article Retraction

An author may request the retraction of an article after it has been published. This is the pracice adopted by Science Target:

  • A retraction note titled “Retraction: [article title]” signed by the authors is published in the same electronic issue before the first page of the retracted article and without a page numnber.
  • The original article is retained unchanged save for a watermark on the .pdf indicating on each page that it is “retracted.”
  • The HTML version of the document is removed.


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