Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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Use of wetlands in Sharjah, UAE – Possibilities and Challenges
Kazi Parvez Fattah, M. Hashemi

Last modified: 2015-12-22


Wetlands, flooded lands by shallow water or saturated soils where plants can be grown, has been used in a number of locations to treat different qualities of water or as a holding area for rainfall runoff. The benefits of having wetland, for wastewater treatment, are its low cost, its capability of removing contaminants such as metals, organic and inorganic matter. In addition, wetlands add to the beauty of nature, attract tourists, birds and avoid flooding around wetland areas. There are essentially two types of wetlands based on the nature of the water flow, surface and subsurface. In the United Arab Emirates, surface wetlands, where the water lies above the ground surface, is not suggested because the water will evaporate very fast due to the high temperature. However, use of the subsurface flow wetlands does show promise. Despite the advantages of a wetland to treat wastewater, its use in Sharjah and the Middle East is almost non-existent. This paper investigates the possibilities and challenges of developing wetlands for the treatment of leachate and other chemical wastewater with the purpose of being able to use the treated water for different activities.