Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) in Sustainable Agricultural Practices: A Study in the Indian Context
NEELAMALAR MARAIMALAI

Last modified: 2015-11-25

Abstract


Sustainable development is the process of meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Sustainable agricultural production practices involve a variety of approaches. As per the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program of the University of California, Davis, the practices/ strategies applied must take into account the topography, soil characteristics, climate, pests, local availability of inputs and the individual grower’s goals.

In India, agriculture continues to be one of the main occupations, despite the country making huge strides in the sector of information technology. Milestones in agricultural economic development in India include: Green revolution, Ever-green Revolution, Blue Revolution, White Revolution, Yellow Revolution, Bio-technology Revolution and more recently ICT revolution. ICTs are applied in agricultural sector, with a set of objectives to attain. The major among those objectives are ensuring ownership and developing entrepreneurship in farmers of Indian villages, developing local content and creating awareness, spreading knowledge of technologies, crop cycle, suitable use of fertilizers etc, ensuring active participation of farmers, implementing a framework for agricultural development strategies, investment and programs, increasing public investment in agriculture, providing local as well as global markets, etc.

The desired outcomes of such ICT interventions in agriculture in India have been witnessed in various ICT based agricultural implementations by several government agencies in India. This paper proposes to study the implementation of the schemes that employ the ICTs for sustainable agriculture and to arrive at the successful agricultural practices promoted by the ICTs in India.