Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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Linking Sanitation Practices with morbidity in the ecologically fragile areas:A study of water quality in the Tourist Destinations of Himachal Pradesh(Indian Himalayas)
Radhika Batta

Last modified: 2016-01-05

Abstract


Water resource management affects almost all aspects of the economy, in particular health, food production and security; domestic water supply and sanitation; energy and industry; and environmental sustainability. If addressed inadequately, management of water resources will jeopardize progress on poverty reducation targets and sustainable developement in all economic, social and environmental dimensions. Therefore, the study focuses on quality of water to the residents of Shimla town- a major hill destination in the western Indian Himalayas.

Our study focuses on the analysis of the water quality at two important sources of water spplying water to the Shimla and Solan towns. In this study, we detected and vaidated the presence of coliform bacteria. Theses strains were characterized using morphological and biochemical analysis. We detected the presence of Salmonella typhi in the Ashwani Khad samples in both seasons.We also detected E.coli in Cherot Nallah water. The prime purpose of our study was to quantify the coliform bacteria as a potential indicator of the presence of human pathogens in the drinking water. It also aimed at finding out the potential sources of water contamination to suggest the authorities for improving the water treatment process. The study concludes that water being supplied to the town contains Enterobacteriae class of contaminants. The study presents a model in Development Agenda.