Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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Resource Efficiency and Innovation in Public Transport: Implementing Inclusive Green Growth in the Himalayas
Ravinder Nath Batta

Last modified: 2016-01-05


Problem Description

Situated in the high hills of the Himalayas, ecosystems in Himachal Pradesh(India) are very fragile and amenable to damage due to pollution and resource degradation. Road transport is the only mode of transpot dominated by personalised vehicles. Seventy five percent of air pollution caused here is attributed to this sector. public transport mostly used by poor is with a public sector undertaking operation on huge comulative losses resulting in poor quality operation dominated by highly polluting, obsolete and unsafe fleet.

Project Outline

A major initiative of promoting green transport started with a study of transport and energy sectors that sprung interesting revelations: (1) public transport is resouce consumptive and inefficent owing to market and policy failures;(2) aging fleet is highly polluting, prone to frequent accidents and breakdowns; and  (3) the state surrenders its surplus power to the national grid free during the night hours that could be used for battery operated pollution free buses at cheap fares that could bring a modal shift from private to public modes of transport.


(i) A comprehensive green transport policy identifying measures to tackle market and policy failures;

(ii) Replacement of aged fleet with fuel efficient Euro IV buses and introduction of battery operated buses ( first time in the country);

(iii) Solar Power generation units under installation on roof tops of all bus terminals and skill gaps for green jobs identified;and

Within one year, all performance parameters improved drastically.

The  project is a pioneering effort capable of replication in developing countries.