Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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“Adaptation to Extreme Climate Change Events to Ensure Food Security for Sustainable Agriculture”
Adnan Arshad

Last modified: 2016-01-05

Abstract


Increasing temperature, shift in Monsoon cycle along with extreme climatic events and prolong droughts. Edible oilseed crops are highly vulnerable to prolong droughts which leads to crop failure and low oil yield/ha in rain-fed regions. Farmer communities facing high insecurity of edible oil, oil deficit is one of the worst challenge to the GDP and economy. It is essential to introduce climatic adaptive oilseed crop having the efficient production, resistance to drought and adoptability changing climate. Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) mainly grown in dry hot and rain-fed areas of the world for multiple uses. Safflower seed contain 28-38 % oil to be very good for health and as kitchen cooking oil.  Shift in rainfall and drought occurrence reduced the size of safflower seed, change of leaves color, low duration of leaf area and oil quality. Salicylic acid (C7H6O3) is an antioxidant play protective, productive role against biotic and abiotic stresses along with improve the productivity. Foliar application of salicylic acid (SA) at different concentration control, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5 and 1 mM solution was applied at stem elongation stage of safflower. It promoted all the chemical, physiological and morphological mechanism in the plant and initiated early flowering induction, increased the number of primary and secondary branches, head diameter, number of heads plant-1 and number of seed head-1. Foliar application proved sustainable to attain the maximum grain and good quality edible oil yield with 76% adaptation to climatic.

(Key Words: Sustainable Agriculture, Climate Adaptation, Food Security)