Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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Conseguencesof environmental polution on Agricultural Productivity in the developing countries; A case of Nigeria
Comfort Chigozie Godson-ibeji, Comfort Chigozie Godson-Ibeji, Jonadab Ubochioma Chikaire

Last modified: 2016-01-08

Abstract


Among the greatest problems facing the world today is  environmental pollution  and this causes grave and irreparable damage to the earth. The issue of environmental degradation is a major cause of productivity losses and poor human health making it a tropical concern to the developing countries including Nigeria. Nigeria as a developing country has lost a lot of her habitable and agricultural productions due to environmental degradations and pollution which extensively destroys crops and aquaculture through the contamination of water ways, ground water and soil, flaring of associated gasses and mismanagement of the land resources. This paper therefore, examines the nature of environmental pollution in Nigeria and its constituencies on agricultural productivity. Questionnaires were administered to elicit information on soil fertility, crop growth and crop productivity viz aviz agricultural productivity. A total of 180 questionnaires were administered using Multistage Sampling technique and analyzed using frequency tables and Percentages. Results show that environmental pollution reduces the level of soil nutrients fertility (80%), crop growth and crop yield are negatively affected by pollution (82%), and therefore, this has negative consequences on agricultural productivity in Nigeria. The paper contends among other recommendations that efforts should be made by the government of Nigeria and other stake holders concerned to control and mitigate the environmental problems of the country if any meaningful development should be sustained.

Key words; Environmental Pollution, Degradation, Agricultural Productivity and Oil Exploration.