Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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Developing capacities to advance adaptation/resilience to extreme weather shocks in urban areas: The relevance of understanding of land use, vegetation land cover and microclimate interactions
samuel agele

Last modified: 2016-01-05

Abstract


Climate change is a major threat to human well-being, biodiversity and ecosystem services, it calls for drastic changes in management of land and water resources. The interactions of urban landscape - land cover patterns - climate – ecosystem is known. Also reported is the coupling of land use and land cover patterns (open and green spaces in urban settings) with ecosystem processes (nutrient cycling, water use, evaporation heat and heat islands), and feedback among urban land use-vegetation land cover-climate on the ecosystem processes. Such interactions have water-energy balance and societal correlates with both human and environmental health implications. Therefore, in the circumstances of the GEC enhanced climatic extremes, it is important to mainstream climate change adaptation and build resilient and climate-smart urban landscapes. The urban setting is characterised by distinct microclimatic system, sustainable urbanization may be built on mitigating and adaptation to microclimatic extremes and adoption of environment-friendly landscape use and management. Adoption of urban landscape practices aimed at ameliorating weather extremes will improve ecological benefits and quality of human and ecosystem health in urban areas, conserve biodiversity, improve carbon sequestration and reduce global warming. Given the environmental problems such as climate change and extreme weather events, soil degradation, water scarcity and loss of biodiversity, new and innovative solutions are required to improve environment performance of urban landscapes.