Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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Nesting habitats and floral resources of some solitary bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea)
Mohamed A Shebl

Last modified: 2015-10-31

Abstract


Solitary bees are very important for crop plant pollination and contribute significantly to agriculture production. Mostly they nest nearby their floral resources or closely to agriculture crops they visit. With intensive managed landscapes often lack untilled ground, tree snags, plants, mud walls and cavities which required by solitary bees for nests construction most of their natural habitats are destroyed. The aim of this study is to shade light for the nesting habitats of three species of solitary bees for better conservation and maximizing their pollination services for better agriculture sustainability.  Panurgus dentatus Friese, 1901, is a ground nesting bees. The bee nested vertically or horizontally in a bare sandy soil. A number of burrows, discovered on the beginning of March 2014 in Ismailia (East part of Egypt) nearby their floral resources of Fam: Asteraceae. Andrena aegyptiaca Friese 1899, a common ground nesting species in the Mediterranean Region and forage on Senecio desfontainei Druce (Fam: Asteraceae). Anthophora (Dasymegilla) waltoni Cockerell is a cavity nesting bees construct their nests in mortal joints of walls in southern China (Yunnan Province). Bees nested singly inside loose mortar joints of building walls. Nests were shallow and consisted of an unlined, unbranched tunnel ending in a single cell. Bees nested singly inside loose mortar joints of building walls. Nests were shallow and consisted of an unlined, unbranched tunnel ending in a single cell. Both sexes of A. waltoni were often collected on flowers of Vicia cracca Linnaeus (Fabaceae).