Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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Self reported occupational morbidity among miners in rural Rajasthan,India
Absar Ahmad, Manoj Alagarajan

Last modified: 2015-11-25

Abstract


Abstract

Rajasthan is producing about 90% of sandstone and about 2.5 Million people are engaged in this unorganized mining. Sandstone contains 60-70 % of silica that causes respiratory disease like Silicosis. Despite of respiratory disease, working condition in mines are with full of hazards and workers are exposed to serious health risk. Occupational health problem are important public health issue but reliable data are unavailable. Hence the current study was carried out to find out morbidity pattern among sandstone miners.

Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in May to September 2014 in Karauli district of Rajasthan under the Ph.D. program after obtaining permission from institutional ethics committee. A self reported occupational health index scale constructed by scoring 1 if present (using 17 items) and 0 in absence.

Results: Out of total 356 mine workers, 221 were currently miner and 135 were currently non-miner (not working or shifted to another work). The mean age and Body Mass Index of workers was 45 (95% CI: 43.77, 46.41) and 19 (95%CI: 18.80, 19.38) respectively. Individually, type of stone extraction associated with injury (p<0.03) and respiratory problem (p<0.000). Overall, age (p<0.000), Substance use (p<0.024), Caste (p<0.000), education (p<0.014), age at latest work start (p<0.000) and use of safety measures (p<0.015) were associated with occupational morbidity index.

 

Conclusion: This study concluded that occupational morbidity was common among miners. Safety device could be effective to reduce accidents and respiratory problems.

 

Key Words: Miner, Occupational Morbidity, Substance use, Sandstone