Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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Climate Resilient Sustainable Agricultural Practices in Bangladesh
Muhammad Abdur Rahaman

Last modified: 2015-10-17

Abstract


Agriculture plays a dominant role in supporting livelihoods and economic growth in Bangladesh. The cultivable area is under great threat of climate change and crop production is rapidly decreasing. Country agriculture is being seriously affected by different levels of vulnerabilities caused by climate change. Soil-water salinity is common hazard along the coastal belt. Drought is common hazard in northern Bangladesh. Flood is hazardous climatic disaster in Haor and Jamuna-Brahmaputra Basin area. In different agro-ecological zones, farmers innovated climate change adapting agricultural practices. The study was conducted in three different locations of different physiographic regions of the country which are most vulnerable due to climate change. The study aims to idenfify and document climate compatible sustainable agricultural practices to to ensure food security in the effective study area. The study data has collected from the study area through KII, FGD, in-depth interview, experts opinion, aerial photography study, personal observation, PRA, HHS, PH meter, salinity meter, satellite imagery, topo sheet study. Published information on agricultural production system, soil condition, climatic indicators from different time frame collected from BMD, SRDI, BADC, DA etc. The study explores 35 climate compatible agricultural practices which are resilient to drought, flood and salinity are in practiced to adapt with climate change extreme events to ensure food security in the effective study area.