Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK TO COMBAT CLIMATE CHANGE IN INDIA
Kamal Narain Joshi

Last modified: 2016-01-04

Abstract


Key Words :- Legal Frame Work, Climate Change, Environment

 

India is one of the leading developing countries in so far as having incorporated into its Constitution the specific provisions for environmental protection. Article 48A of the Constitution of India provides that ‘the State shall endeavor to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country’. Similarly, Article 51A (g) makes it obligatory for every citizen of India, ‘to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures.’The government has taken several policy and legislative actions aimed at environment protection in accordance with national priority. The most important are :- (i) Formulation of Environment Policy 2006 ; (ii) National Green Tribunal, 2009 (iii) National Action plan on Climate Change 2008 with the objective of enhancing the process of sustainable development and contributing to India’s voluntary efforts for adaptation to and mitigation of climate change. (iv) Following a path of sustainable development through a range of policies and programmes to mitigate climate change. This paper is an attempt to provide an overview of the constitutional and legal framework for combating climate change in India and to examine the existing environmental laws.