Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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ASSESSMENT OF URBAN AGRICULTURE AS A PANACEA FOR FOOD SECURITY IN NIGERIAN CITIES
Nelson T.A ABD'RAZACK, Olushegun Samuel MEDAYESE, Bamiji Michael ADELEYE, Ayobami POPOOLA, Ndana MOHAMMED

Last modified: 2015-09-20

Abstract


The increasing urbanization has predisposed urban settlements to various environmental problems such as pollution, land fragmentation, urban housing degradation and food scarcity. The “sustainable cities approach” and the identification of ways to provide food, shelter and basic services to the populace is a challenge to many cities. One of the strategies adopted by urban residents in solving part of the challenges is urban agriculture. The study area for this research is Ibadan south-west Nigeria. Urban agriculture has being seen as one of the credible means of reducing poverty in urban areas; the study focus on evaluating the households' food requirement and appraises space availability for urban agriculture in the city. Primary and secondary were used in this research. A random sampling technique was adopted with a clustered sampling procedure. The data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics and presented in tables, charts, graphs. The research shows that urban agricultural activities in Ibadan include cultivation of vegetables and animal husbandry. Rapid urbanization has continued unabated in Ibadan threatening the available spaces for cultivation in the city, thereby creating problem of food scarcity, poverty and loss of livelihood. The research therefore recommends that there is the need for a comprehensive policy to promote urban agriculture such as backyard vegetable gardening; rearing of livestock and fruit trees. If these issues are properly put in perspective, urbanization will no longer be seen to be undesirable but will be met with food sufficiency and even promote job opportunity for the urban populace.