Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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Poultry production and the environmental health
hanan salman al-khalifa

Last modified: 2016-01-04

Abstract


The localization and intensification of the poultry industry over the past 50 years have incidentally created a largely ignored environmental management crisis. As a result of these changes in poultry production, concentrated animal feeding operations produce far more waste than can be managed by land disposal within the regions where it is produced. However, much less attention has been given to the potential risks related to poultry easte constituents, including ammonia, pathogenic bacteri, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and residues of the drugs added to poultry feeds. In addition, there are several chemical emitted from poultry litters which in turn affect the environment beneficially and detrimentally. Several steroid hormones and trace elements are also found to make impact on the environment and human population. This paper will focus on the effect of poultry production on the environment and vice versa and the methods used to utilize poultry litter to mitigate the effect on the environment and climate change.

Key words: Poultry, environment, animal feeding operations, climate change