Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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Using Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System Technology to Assess the Impact of Climate Change on Crop Production A case study of Erbil Governorate, Kurdistan region, Iraq
ashna Abdulrahman Kareem

Last modified: 2015-09-15

Abstract


The Kurdistan region is largely mountainous with many rivers flowing from the mountains. The flowing rivers such as Tigris, create temperature variance and deposits of silt in various parts, making the region fertile for crop agriculture. Besides rivers, the region has several lakes, thus providing plenty of water.   Over the recent years, there has been a great attempt in studying global warming, agricultural management, and their linkages. These studies have assumed vital importance in policies as well as academia. However, climate change has brought about uncertainty for the future of agriculture and land fertility in the region. Upstream dams of Iraq’s rivers, together with the observed general reduction in rainfall have had a severe impact on Iraq’s ability to feed its people (James Denselow, 2009).  The upstream dams result in a lack of river discharge; this in turn leads to ongoing soil erosion causing deserts, dust storms, and increase in heat. These have affected agriculture, especially crop production and the quality of human life negatively.

This study aims at using geographic information systems to prove whether there is any effect of climate change on crop production and to analyze to what extent. Hence a there is a need to understand climatic stimuli and their impacts.