Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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Settlement Planning and Design Responsive to Climate Change in Bangladesh Context
Qazi Azizul Mowla

Last modified: 2015-09-12

Abstract


Due to the climate change and consequent sea level rise (SLR), extreme environmental events such as floods, cyclone, tornado and drought are presumed to occur frequently in Bangladesh. Communities in low elevation coastal zone (LECZ) of Bangladesh are more exposed to the risk of sea born hazards at present and anticipated sea level rise (SLR). This will result in huge population displacement including migration from rural to urban areas ie climate refugee (CR). The present study is, therefore, an attempt to identify key vulnerabilities of coastal community in selected area with an aim to set criteria for settlement planning and design responsive to climate change in general. The paper attempts to discuss a range of adaptive measures like housing, infrastructure, livelihood, fisheries and agriculture, water, health, energy, resource disaster management, etc. at root level that will stem from such climate change induced in-migration to urban areas. The study recommends that vulnerability can be reduced by improving the community or group resilience through planned densification in settlement pattern and management of geomorphology and hydrological process of the context (allow natural siltation, afforestation, improve water drainage, rainwater harvesting etc). It is believed that the proposed measures will prevent urban areas, particularly Dhaka, from further deterioration due to CR induced overcrowding whilst helping them to avoid the misery of urban life in the slums.

Keywords: climate change, climate Refugee, community resilience, adaptability, settlement pattern.