Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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Toward a zero waste vision: Converting waste from poultry industry in to environmental sustainable fertilizer for groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) production in the Sudan savannah ecological zone of Nigeria.
Ibrahim Usman

Last modified: 2015-09-11

Abstract


Field trial was conducted at the Irrigation Research Station of the Institute for Agricultural Research, Ahmadu Bello University Kadawa located in the Sudan Savanna ecological zone of Nigeria during the 2012 dry season. The treatments consisted of six levels of poultry manure (0, 1, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3 tonnes ha-1 and the recommended NPK 20: 23.6 :24.9 kg ha-1 (44 kg urea, 300 kg single super phosphate (SSP) and 42 kg Muriate of Potash (MOP) and three varieties of groundnut (SAMNUT 11, SAMNUT 22 and SAMNUT 23) . The treatments were laid out in a randomized complete block design replicated three times. The results from the study revealed Application of 1.5 tonnes ha-1 of poultry manure gave the highest pod yield, highest profit, highest ash and oil content and lowest fiber content. Also the application 3.0 tonnes ha-1 resulted to highest haulm yield and protein content. SAMNUT 11 had the highest value for haulm yield, pod yield, profitability and carbohydrate content. SAMNUT 23 produced the highest Ash, oil and moisture content while SAMNUT 22 gave the highest protein and fiber content. Based on the result of this work it can be concluded that the application of 1.5 tonnes ha-1of poultry manure increased yield, yield quality and profitability of groundnut. Therefore, the use of 1.5 tonnes ha-1 poultry manure can be use to replace chemical fertilizer in groundnut production and each of the varieties can be selected for desired nutrient.

KEY WORDS: poultry manure, performance, profitability, groundnut and irrigation