Science Target Conference Systems, Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016

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SNAKES AND SCORPION BITES AS OCCUPATIONAL HAZARDS TO FARMERS IN SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF NORTHERN NIGERIA
Ibrahim Usman, Ibrahim Badiru Fatima

Last modified: 2015-09-11

Abstract


There is hardly any job without its own occupational hazards and exposure to snake and scorpion bites is one of the occupational hazards faced by farmers and rural dwellers. This study thus aimed at assessing exposure of farmers to snake and scorpion bites, how farmers cope with the hazard and suggestions were made on how the hazard can be mitigated. A survey was conducted using questionnaire in ten purposively selected local government areas (LGA) of northern Nigeria. Responses were gotten from thirty (30) volunteers from each LGA and data emanating from the survey were analysed using univariate analysis.The results showed that 42% of respondents claimed to have been bitten by carpet viper “Echis ocellatusand black scorpion. Most farmers expend between N2000- N5000 to treat such bites and some find it challenging to afford the treatment so they prefer the alternative medicine instead of orthodox  means. Research into checklist of poisonous snakes species present in various ecological zones of Nigeria with a view to producing anti-venom suitable to such zones and making it available to primary health care centres is suggested as a way to assist farmers in their various communities against snake and scorpion bites hazards. Also, farmers are encouraged to use protective wears during farming operations. Enlightenments on adequate first aid for the victims are necessary so that farmers can provide the needed care pending the arrival of qualified medical personnel.

KEY WORDS: Snakes, Scorpions, Farmers, Health, Occupational hazard